Kutafin Moscow State Law University, Moscow 125993, Russian Federation
The article deals with the issues of the gig-economy influence on the labour regulation. Classic employment relations designed to fit the industrial labour, undergoing the process of transformation because of the labour digitalization. Its new types, such as online platform job, telework and others, result in a growing number of legal norms, where most of them are far from perfect reflection of interests of the employees and employers. Even more importantly, the classic statutory and doctrinal definition of employment relations stays applicable to the narrower circle of workers. Besides that, the emergence of atypical work is intrinsically linked with the growth of employment precariousness, which is quite a big challenge to the social stability.
The author proposes practical conclusions concerning the necessity to of technical modification of norms on certain types of atypical jobs in Russia, as well as the need to introduce the new norms in the Labour Code of Russia, which can deal with some of the new forms of atypical job.
The theoretical conclusion contained in the article is that a doctrinal discussion should be started in Russia that concerns the widening of classical definitions of employment relations and employment contract. Traditional criteria of subordination should be widened by the introduction of the new criteria, such as economic dependence of worker and economic imbalance of power of the employment contract parties.
employment relations, employment contract, atypical employment, digital economy, precarious employment.
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