The author analyses the state-of-the-art of legality in the sphere of the Russian Federation’s economics in its interrelation with the prosecutorial supervision activity in this direction. The Prosecution Service’s priorities in its activity trends are designated. Some peculiarities and results of a prosecutorial supervision of obedience to the law in the spheres where the state of legality is characterized in a particularly negative way, were submitted to a detailed examination. A particular attention is given to various aspects of a Public Prosecutor’s defense of entrepreneurs’ activity’s rights. In the framework of this defense The Prosecution Service bodies, realizing their new powers managed to reduce the number of unlawful checking of business entities and to bring the order of their conduct to uniformity.
Keywords: legality, law, Public Prosecution Service, supervision, control, economics, business, reaction, means, offences.