Institute of Legislation and Comparative Law under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow 117218, Russian Federation
Abstract. Given the exhaustion of opportunities for economic growth in Russia, based on extensive exploitation of raw materials, against the background of the formation of the digital economy and the emergence of a limited group of leading countries with new production technologies and focused on the use of renewable resources, it is urgent to conduct legal research on the targeted and effective use of such natural resources in Russia as forests and land on which they are located. When anthropogenic loads on the environment increase to the scale that threatens the reproduction of natural resources as a result of their inefficient use, it is necessary to give a timely assessment of the legal risks of loss of the ecological function performed by forests, due to the presence of gaps and conflicts of legislation in the studied area. In this regard, it is also relevant to determine the priorities of branches of legislation in regulating relations related to the use of forests located on lands of various categories.
Taking into account the goals and objectives of scientific research defined by the strategy of scientific and technological development of the Russian Federation, approved by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation on December 1, 2016. No. 642, the result of the ongoing study of the legal regime of forests and land plots on which they are located should contribute to the preparation of an effective response of Russian society to major challenges, taking into account the interaction of man and nature, man and technology, and social institutions at the current stage of global development, including, first of all, using such methods of legal science as comparativehistorical, methods of analysis and comparison, which will improve the quality of the research by structuring the material in accordance with the system connections and focusing on the individual structural elements of the system.
The main results of the research can be attributed, first of all, to the identification of features of legal regulation of the forest use on lands of various categories.
Keywords: forests, forest legislation, land categories, land plots.
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