Sergey V. Bakhin
Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia, Bakhin.firstname.lastname@example.org, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8879-062X
Abstract. The author refers to the origins of the science of private international law in Russia, also studies by whom and when the term “private international law” was first introduced into scientific circulation in Russia.
Research methods: dialectical, historical, philosophical, comparative legal, logical, analytical.
Results, brief conclusions: For many years it was believed that the term “private international law” in Russia first appeared on the pages of N. P. Ivanov's book “Foundations of Private International Jurisdiction”, published in 1865 in Kazan. However, 15 years before that at St. Petersburg University, a student F. Bobrovsky defended his master's thesis, which dealt with issues of private international law, and this term was used. And in 1860, N. S. de Galet's book “International Law” was published in St. Petersburg, part of which was devoted to issues of private international law. The work of N. S. de Galet itself had almost no impact on Russian science, however, it gave Professor D. I. Kachenovsky a reason to make an extensive review, in which criteria were formulated regarding the level at which the study of international law issues should be based. Thus, research on private international law in Russia was started in St. Petersburg. Although the Western international legal doctrine was taken as the basis for this, soon Russian specialists not only reached the level of their Western colleagues, but in some ways surpassed them. It is important that initially many experts considered international law to be the basis for resolving conflicts of different national laws. These ideas were developed in the works of such famous Russian lawyers as D. I. Kachenovsky, M. N. Kapustin, A. N. Stoyanov, F. F. Martens, N. M. Korkunov, O. O. Eichelmann, V. P. Danevsky, A. N. Mandelshtam, etc.
Keywords: international private law, international public law, international legal concept of international private law, cross-border private relations, conflict of different national laws, doctrine of international law
For citation. Bakhin S. V. On the Origins of the Study of Private International Law in Russia. Journal of Russian Law, 2022, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 56—66. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.12737/jrl.2022.040